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Aug, 2015

Pet Overpopulation






Pet Overpopulation


A pet is an animal retained for the primary reason of companionship or protection as opposed to the working animals, laboratory, sport and livestock whose primary reason is performance, research or agricultural value. The most popular pets have an attractive appearance with combined loyal and playful personalities. Pet commonly render their owners emotional and physical, benefits. For instance, walking a dog can render both the pet and human with fresh air, exercise, and social interaction. This research paper will discuss ways to decrease the pet population.

Pet offers companionship to elderly people who lack adequate social interaction with other populace. The most famous pets are cats and dogs, while in the recent past the population of house rabbits, guinea pigs, reptiles such as snakes and lizards, aquatic pets such as fish and frogs and crabs is on the rise. For the above reasons, the population of the pets has increased rapidly over the recent past. Older and segregated people are adopting the pets for companionship. The breakdown of the nuclear family, with unmarried adults and older people living alone, has led to the appreciation of the home pet thereby increasing the population. The pet also renders sense of security to people as they alert owners of the presence of intruders. The importance of the pet goes beyond the responses to the trend in the society. There is evidence of the pet contribution to the psychological, physical wellness of their owners

Statistically, it is thought that there are about 90 million dogs and 80 million cats in the United States under the ownership of different homes, which corresponds to 47% of dogs and 37% of cats. Research shows that the majority of the households obtain pets from their family members and acquaintances. 30% of the dogs are from breeders, and 30% of dogs and cats are acquired from rescues and shelters. More than 36% of the cats are obtained from stray. With regard to the American Humane organization, the most probable reason people offer their dogs is as a result of their area of residence not permitting pets (30%), not adequate time and death issues. 11% – 21% of the people do not allow cats because of allergies and residence issues (Bragman 15).

According to the statistics on the pet overpopulation, it is impossible to establish how many stray kittens and dogs there are in the United States. However, the estimates for cats alone stand over 75 million (Methods 15). The mean number of the litters a productive cat sires is one to three and half year while the mean count of kittens is five to seven per litter. In addition, the average number of the litters a productive dog sire is one a calendar, with the mean count of pups, is five and seven. Moreover, owned cats and dogs are healthier and live longer that the stray dogs. Strays, on the other hand, are pets lost and those not properly kept indoors or given identification (Bragman 17).  Furthermore, only 11% of the animals on shelter ace been neuter while 84% and 91% of dogs and cats respectively are spayed. The expense of spaying a pet is less than of raising the kittens for a year.

Pet overpopulation poses a number of health problems among them: pet is a threat to the humans. Rabid dogs are the number one reason of the deaths in some countries such as India. More than 20000 people die of rabies in India every year.  In addition, majority of the children contract rabies from dog bites.  Furthermore, overpopulation causes negative impacts on the environment and wild animals. The animals’ excretions can cause a bad odor in addition to providing bad scenic beauty. Overpopulation of Pets causes risk to other animals. For instance, dogs are the major cause of death for more than half of the homeless pets such as kittens before they attain six months. Overpopulation in pet is a situation that the world needs to get its arms on to alleviate the suffering and other risks caused by the overpopulation.

Pet Spaying in female pets involves the abdominal surgery to remove the uterus and ovaries also called the hysteron-rectomy. Spaying is a method of birth control. The surgery is done through the traditional open approach, which is usually expensive to carry out. The surgery involves inserting an incision, below the umbilicus.  The incision varies depending on the size of the animal and the surgeon (Adams 13). Surgery involves the identification of the uterine horns and the ovaries at the ends of the horns.

The process involves the ligation of the ovarian arteries with suture material and transaction of the arteries. In addition, the surgery involves the tying off the uterine body so that the cervix acts as the only natural barrier. What follows is the removal of the entire ovaries and uterus and the abdomen checked for bleeding. The abdomen is then closed using a three-layered closure. The final step in carrying out the spaying surgery involves closing the subcutaneous layer with absorbable suture fabric.

Spaying in female dogs involves the removal of the production of the progesterone, which is naturally calming hormone and serotonin up lifter. The spaying has the consequence of escalating the observable behavior of aggressiveness in dogs. There are many risks involved in the operation. Such cases such as bleeding, inflammation, ruptures and reactions to the drugs after the surgery to the animal are possibilities of the procedures (Adams 14). Spaying helps reduces the number of pregnancies in the female dogs effectively controlling the overpopulation of dogs

Spraying has many other benefits in both pets and human besides controlling the birth rate. Spaying helps eliminate the odds of the breast cancer and dangerous infections that may take place in the uterus of the female pets. This is because the Spaying removes the uterus and the ovaries in the female pets rendering them unproductive. Problems associated with these two body organs ultimately disappears with the removed organs. Spaying is, therefore, important in reducing cases of breast cancer among the female pets (Duchovny 08). Breast cancer among pets especially the stray pets is high. This is because of the lack of medical attention and vaccination from the veterinary doctors and the increased rate of uncontrolled births resulting from time to time pregnancies. Uterine infections are also common on the stray pets and removal of the uterus while the spaying process helps deal with the problems of infectious uterus.

Due to lack of control of the number of births, the cases of uterus infections are common especially due to lack of a particular mate in the pet family. The pet family is associated with lack of single mating partner, and some of the pets may happen to have infection, which they ultimately pass down to other pets. The problems associated with the uterus are ultimately disappears through the process of spaying. This enhances the life of the particular pets thus increasing their chances of survival. The process in the male pets also helps deal with testicular cancer. The cancer results from malfunction cells that go on to affect the neighboring cells leading to massive organ failure. The result is increased pain among the pets leading to their ultimate demise.

Spaying removes or eliminates the natural urge to mate. Removal of the important parts responsible for the productive process helps counter the natural urge to mate with other pets. Since the surgery removes the reproductive organs, there is interference with the body hormones supposed to induce the urge for mating (Duchovny 08). The hormones no longer function, thereby leading to the potential failure of the pets to engage in reproductive activities. As a result training the pets such as dogs are easy because of less distraction resulting from the mating urge. It is, therefore, possible for the pet to get training in areas such as security. It is a common practice for the security pets such as dogs to under the spaying and neutering to enhance their concentration on the training program to sharpen their protecting skills.

Spaying eliminates the tendency of the pets to roam around in search of mating partners, thereby decreasing the chances of the pet engaging in fights with outré pets and the possibility of the pet being hit down by vehicles. The process is, therefore, efficient in dealing with the possibility of the pet getting lost. Mating urges among the animals can result in moving from place to place in search of a mating partner hence leading to major problems such as increased death due because of automobiles accidents. Spaying also helps reduce the messy heat cycles among the pets, thereby eliminating unwanted males.

Heat cycles in female pets take place due to the reproductive cycles from the hormonal imbalances resulting in the mating urges among the female pets. Spaying is important in eliminating the tendency of the pets to bit while still being protective. The pets, therefore, concentrate more on training, thus reducing the chances of pets biting. The surgery is also important in ensuring that the pets become more attentive to its environment, thus detecting environment changes and alerting their owners accordingly.

Spaying is important in increasing the life span of the altered pets. Statistics reveals 24% of spayed pets live longer than their unspayed pets (Methods 22). The report contributes the reduced life span of unaltered pets to their increasing urge to roaming in search of mating partners. The roam exposes such pets to increased risks of accidents involving automobiles, constant fights with other pets and other factors. Spaying reduces the risk of pets from getting particular types of cancers, thereby explaining their increased life span. Most of the unaltered pets suffer from various uterine infections and other reproductive system cancers. It is worthwhile noting that spayed pets are also healthier in comparison to their unaltered pets

Spaying is beneficial in dealing with the potentially high cost of maintaining non-altered pets from various infections especially those of the reproductive system. Caring for a pet with an infection of the reproductive system can run into hefty dollars. In addition, constant fights associated with unspayed render them with serious injuries. This translates to high costs incurred by the owners to paying veterinary physicians to take care of them. In addition, some states adopt certain laws requiring people to pay higher prices for licenses of un-altered pets. Spaying is, therefore an effective way of reducing maintenance costs of un-altered pets.

Pet adoption involves taking the guardianship and the responsibility of pet, which previously was under ownership or was abandoned, released to a shelter or a rescue site. Pet adoption is an effective way of reducing the population of pets (Paquin 28). This is because; people take up pets in shelters instead of going to breeders to obtain more pets. Breeding of new pets will ultimately increase the number of pets available whereas leaving out equally adoptable pets. Breeding, therefore, will increase the number of pets. The problem with breeding new pets is that three-quarter of the pets’ breeds’ ends up in animals’ shelters, thereby increasing the number of pets hence overpopulation.

Adopting a pet means providing shelter and second chance to pets in finding a home and thereby limiting on new pets into the already overwhelming pet population. Through the expenditure, the number of pets from breeding into the population will reduce effectively thereby controlling the pet population. Adoption is the better way of providing home to the lost or stray pets rendering their place to stay. Adoption is also an effective method dealing with the fact that authorities will continue to euthanize pets in a bid to control overpopulation. Various shelters offer temporary stay for the stray pets and those ready for adoption.

A no-kill shelter is a shelter that houses the healthy and treatable animals awaiting the adoption. The shelters allow people to visit and sample the kind of pets available and evaluate the possibility of adoption before visiting a breeder to get a pet (Winograd 13). The pets in the no-kill shelter are for saving while the staff kills the untreatable and terminally ill pets gently through practices such as lethal ejection. No-kill shelters are set up where the number of stray pets increases rapidly, and the rate of adoption is low. This shelter provides homes for the animals while waiting for right owners to house and take care of them to avoid euthanize.

Buying a pet from an adoption center is better than buying from a breeder for various reasons among them: adopting will help save the lives of the pets. Estimates reveal that two million pets mainly cats and dogs die as a results of euthanizing method in a bid to control the population. Because there is limited space at the no-kill shelters, the staff makes hard decisions to euthanize the rather adoptable pets (Paquin 32). Adopting helps reduce the number of pets that die. By adopting from a no-kill shelter, one will help reduce the number of pets that die in the process of dealing with pet overpopulation.

Adopting is better than getting a pet from a breeder because the pets in the no-kill shelters are healthy as they receive a vaccination immediately after the rescue. Most shelters examine and treat the pets’ from the obvious diseases the pets suffer from thereby ensuring the pets are in good state of health. The animals available for adoptions also undergo screening for particular temperaments to ensure they are safe to stay together with humans. The pets are also good, negating the common conception that the pets might be risky considering they are homeless.

Adopting a pet is also better than getting one from a breeder because the process of adoption is cheaper compared to that on getting from a breeder. Pets in the shelters have already undergone spaying and vaccination giving real value for money. In addition, adopting a pet gives humans the sense of humanity (Adams 17). Protecting life is better than letting go or creating a new life. Therefore, pets render unconditional love, to the owner beside the psychological, physical and emotional benefits. Adopting is, therefore, better in comparison to getting a pet from a breeder. Furthermore, adopting a pet is better than getting one from a breeder because people have the right of choice in terms of the breed, the type, and the age of the pet. In the no-kill, shelters there are different types of animals and customers have the right of choice in terms of the characteristics of the pet.

Pet adoption is beneficial over getting one from a breeder because pet shelters offer a variety of pet to choose. Sheltered pets come in different sizes ranging for large, medium, and small. Adopting gives the person the privilege of choosing either a young or a mature pet. In addition, to choosing, a pure breed or a mixed breed. In pet shelters, it is also possible to find pets that can fit and survive under a variety of conditions. Adopting a pet is, therefore, a sure way of obtaining the desired pets that will meet the required expectations.

Pet adoption is beneficial compared to buying from a breeder in that the person will have a lot to learn from the pet. Many pets end up in pet shelters for a variety of reasons ranging from family issues such as marriages and health problems, adopting gives a person the opportunity to learn about the pet personality. Moreover, some pets that ends up in shelters bear some security training, thereby alleviating the new owner of costs involved in training such a pet.

Pet breeders are profit minded- people who engage in the businesses of producing mass number of pets. The pet facilities, in a bid to house the growing number of pets end up housing many pets in small space thereby, compromising their health. Adopting a pet will ensure no support of the pet mills thereby cutting the support to such mills. By so doing, the community will benefit a lot from the sale of the pets already in the shelters, thereby reducing the number of pets euthanized.

Being responsible for the pets’ lives is an effective way of reducing the pet, overpopulation. The owners need to be responsible for their pets’ action in order to deal with pet overpopulation. As responsible owners, they have the obligation to ensure their pets remain locked up to ensure that they do not stray and go in search of mating partners. Controlling the time for mating through artificial practices such as insemination is important in ensuring that the control of pets population (Klose 21). Owners should ensure there is constant supervision of the pets by veterinary doctors to control the birth rates and the number of young pets after birth. In doing so, the owners will have the power to control the number of young ones that lives plus getting rid of the unnecessary large numbers of pets.

Naturally, most pets give birth to more than one young one and keeping each of them will lead to increased number of the pets hence causing a major problem. The ability of the owners to choose the type of food and monitoring their daily activities can go a long distance in guaranteeing that there is control of the pets’ life thereby leading to controlled rate of multiplication. The owners have the mandate of monitoring their pets to ensure they do not stray or end up in the rather congested shelters. The pets should, therefore, remain tied in their homes or the shelters to restrict their movements. This will enhance the responsibilities of the owners and reduce the number of homeless pets. The number of the stray pets will reduce accordingly.

The owners should also ensure their pets feed healthy, clean them regularly, and vaccinate them from time to time to avoid infectious diseases. Where the number of pets is high, people should come up with rules to regulate the multiplication of the pets. There should be killing of homeless pets to ensure they no longer engage in matting activities that would eventually lead to enhancement in the numbers of the pets. This is a precautionary measure to ensure that the only pets under ownership get to live. Homeless pets may contract diseases and infections owing to health risk to both the people and to other pets. Only the pets under ownership should have the opportunity to live during the homeless to under lethal injection. This measure is to control the number of stray pets and possibly counter outbreak of diseases such as rabies linked to dogs.

Pet owners should also abide by the laws on the pets ownership. Owners should follow laws aimed at reducing the pet population. Some states require that pets be spayed to control the birth rates and the owners should comply with the laws. The owners also need to ensure their pets do not cause problems to their community such as biting or engaging in fights with other pets. In so doing, the owners will be responsible for their pets’ lives, thereby controlling their growth rate, which, in turn will lead to decline in the overpopulation


Pet Overpopulation can result from stray pets; continuous breeding from pet mills that are profit-oriented leading to increasing in the number of homeless pets. Spaying involves the removal of the female reproductive system to control the birth rate. Although the procedure has the primary reason for controlling the birth rate, many benefits result from the procedure. These are the elimination of messy heat cycles of the female pets, in addition to eliminating the roaming around in search of mating partners. The cost of maintaining pets is reduced because pet do not roam around and, therefore, engage in no fights with other pets. The procedure also aims at reducing the pet overpopulation.

Pet adoption is better off than having to obtain pets from mills that are profit oriented. This is because adoption ensures the control of pet population. In addition, pet adoption help to save lives of pets that end up euthanized in a bid to control their population because of limited space found at the shelters. Adopting pets ensures that help minimize the costs incurred in obtaining a pet from a breeder. This is because of fewer paper works required in obtaining a pet from pet shelters. In addition, adopting pets give people a wide range of choices in terms of size, the color and the type of breed. It is, therefore, an effective method of decreasing pet overpopulation.

Pet owners have the responsibility for their pet lives and have the obligation of controlling, and monitoring them to restrict them from roaming around in search of mating partners. In addition, they have the responsibility of abiding by the laws and legislation aimed at reducing the pet overpopulation such as spaying and obtaining licenses for spayed pets only. This will help in dealing with pet overpopulation, which is a lead to the increasing problem of diseases and infections.





Work Cited


Adams, Kristina M. Information Resources on Spaying and Neutering Cats, Dogs and Related Wildlife. Beltsville, Md: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, 2005. Internet resource

Bragman, Michael J, and William Magee. Public Discussion on Pet Population Limitation and Animal Shelter Overpopulation. Syracuse, N.Y.: Paige Reporting, 2000. Print.

Duchovny, David, and Julie Lofton. Best Friend Forgotten: An account on Pet Overpopulation. Chicago, Ill: Give Voice to Animals, 2003. Bottom of Form

Klose, Robert. Small Worlds: Adopted Sons, Pet Piranhas, and Other Mortal Concerns. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2006. Internet resource.

Methods Utilized to approximate the Size of the Owned Dog and Cat Population: a Systematic Review. BioMed Central Ltd, 2013. Internet resource.

Paquin, Paul. Spaying. Columbia, Mo.: Missouri Agricultural College Experiment Station, 1998. Print.

Winograd, Nathan J. Redemption: The Myth of Pet Overpopulation and the No Kill Revolution in America. Los Angeles, Calif.: Almaden Books, 2007. Print.


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